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The 2013 Open Reader – Stories and articles inspired by OKCon2013

Guest - March 4, 2014 in Featured Project, OKCon

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This is a guest post from Andreas Von Gunten, founder of the Creative Commons-based publishing house Buch & Netz and editor of the brand new “The 2013 Open Read – Stories and articles inspired by OKCon2013″.

We all remember very well the fantastic OKCon / Open Knowledge Conference in Geneva last year. There were so many interesting and inspiring workshops from open data enthusiasts from all over the world, and it was a great honor for me to be able to publish an eBook and an online book about the themes and issues from the OKCon 2013.

Now «The 2013 Open Reader – Stories and articles inspired by OKCon2013: Open Data – Broad,Deep, Connected» is available for free until 16th March 2014. It includes blogposts, white papers, slides, journal articles and other types of texts from 45 speakers, workshop coordinators of this event and other contributors. Grab your copy now or read the content online at: http://books.buchundnetz.com/the2013openreader/

The eBook and its content is licensed under a CC-BY 3.0 license, so feel free to distribute the files and the links as you like.

Two and a half months researching Open Data in (a part of) Asia

Guest - February 28, 2014 in Community Stories, Featured Project, OKF Cambodia, OKF Hong Kong, Open Data

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This is the third guest blog post from Open Steps, an initiative by two young Berliners Alex (a software developer from Spain) and Margo (a graduate in European politics from France) who decided to leave their daily lives and travel around the world for one year to meet people and organizations working actively in open knowledge related projects, documenting them on their website. Read also the first blog post and the second one.

After the first 6 months in East Europe and India, we landed in the Asian continent and had two and a half months to explore South-East Asia, Hong Kong and Japan. Starting first planning meetings and workshops in the Mekong Region, we rapidly understood there are not numerous organisations working on Open Knowledge there, compared to the previous visited countries.

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The Mekong Basin Region and its lack of Open Data momentum

In none of the countries we passed by in South-East Asia (Thailand, Cambodia & Laos) we could find a strong will from the public administration to promote Open Data (OD) or Open Government (OG) initiatives. However, each government has its own different experience. Let’s take a look at this in detail:

In Thailand, we got in contact with Opendream, a company focused on developing web and mobile apps around social issues, mostly using and released as Open Source. Organising our workshop in their offices brought us closer to the singular Thai Open Data history. A plan for releasing data to the public domain through an Open Data platform (which was built by Opendream members) had already been initiated under the mandate of the previous Prime Minister, but surprisingly dismissed few months afterwards when the power changed hands. At the time of our visit, this first attempt was not available anymore on the web and there was no plan to do a second one. Considering other kind of organisations than the public sector, we discovered Thai Netizen Network, a small group of advocates working on intellectual property. We met Arthit Suriyawongkul, its founder, who is also one of the activists working on the Thai adaptation of the Creative Commons license. According to him, the Open movement in Thailand can be summarized in a few individuals who might be connected via social networks but don’t represent in any case an active and regular meeting group.

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In Phnom Penh, the capital of Cambodia which was our next stop, Open Data is neither the priority of the government. But there, we could meet several organisations, mostly NGOs, and also gathered numerous students, journalists and human rights advocates as attendees at our events. This reflects a big interest in both data visualisation and data journalism. Our 3 workshops were respectively organised at the national high school for media practitioners (the DMC of the Royal University), with the German GIZ (the Public Agency for International Cooperation) and with Transparency International Cambodia. One of the organisations we particularly consider relevant to mention is Open Development Cambodia (ODC), which manages the only online platform in Cambodia where local data is being aggregated and shared. The elaborate map visualisations of this NGO are the proof that the civil society is active and that making use of data is already a know tool to bring awareness and to address specific issues Cambodia has to face. ODC’s team is working hard on it and together with the newly created OKFN local group, they are the ones leading the efforts. Not to forget is the great event they organised for the international Open Data Day this year.

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What about Laos? The neighbouring country has an even more difficult situation than Thailand and we could not discover any initiative there which can be categorized as open, neither from the public administration nor from the civil society. In Vientiane, we met the IT-team behind the data portal of the Mekong River Commission (MRC), an intergovernmental agency between Laos, Thailand, Cambodia and Vietnam, created to preserve the Mekong basin region and improve its water management. The data portal is a platform gathering and analysing data on (among others) water quality through various maps and reports. Sadly, due to national policies and the strict rules defined by the collaboration between these four countries, the data is not available as open but some fees and copyright apply for download and re-use.

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A different story : Hong Kong and Japan

South-East Asia can definitely not reflect all Asia and what we discovered during the rest of our journey was the antipode of the first three countries mentioned. We headed further East and arrived in Hong Kong, where we were already in contact since we left Berlin with two active organisations: DimSumLabs (hackerspace) and Open Data Hong Kong (ODHK). DimSumLabs offered us its space and ODHK its warm support to run our session in the big metropole. As they both have built a great community of activists and enthusiasts, the topic of Open Data and Open Cultures in general is large known and there was no need to present our usual beginners-targeted workshop. Instead of that, we prepared new contents and did a recap of the most exciting projects we had discovered so far. It resulted in a very interesting discussion about the status of Hong Kong as “Special Administration Region” of China. The city still remains under China´s rules (has no Freedom of Information Act) but its autonomy allows a “healthy” environment for OD/OG initiatives. The existence of the Open Data platform and Open Data challenges are a proof of it.

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On the same line, Japan was a productive stop for our research. First, we visited the Mozilla factory, created last year in the centre of Tokyo. A fantastic open space for everyone to learn and work on the web, equipped with tools such as 3D printers and greatly designed with Open Source furnitures available for download and re-use. On our meeting, we discovered also about their new project called MozBus, a refurbished camping van turned into a nomadic web factory that can provide internet infrastructure at remote areas after natural disasters. The International Open Data Day (22nd February 2014) happened during our stay in this last stop in Asia and we participated in the event organised in Kyoto. There, volunteers from public and private sector and members of the OpenStreetMap Foundation scheduled an one-day workshop to teach citizens with different backgrounds and ages how to use OpenStreetMap and Wikipedia, with the main purpose to document and report historical buildings of the city. In addition, this event was also a good place to research about the status of OD/OG initiatives in Japan. If the government has worked on a strategy for many years (with focus on how can OD/OG make disaster management more efficient) and seems to be in the list of the much advanced countries; the national Open Data platform, launched in beta, dates from last December and there are, generally speaking, still improvements needed, particularly regarding the licenses applied for spending and budgeting data.

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But that is not all what is happening in Asia

Although we would really have loved to, it was not possible for us to be all over the continent and discover all the projects and initiatives currently going on. Countries as Indonesia, Philippines or Taiwan present an advanced status regarding Open Data and we would definitely have had a lot to document if our route would have passed there. We invite you to read this sum-up about the Open Data situation in Asia (put together by a folk on the OKFN-Discuss mailing list after last year’s OKCon) to get a more detailed idea on the different contexts the Asian continent shows. It’s a very good read!

After Asia, keeping heading East, we are now reaching South-America and this is here where the last part of our one-year research begins. We have now four months to go through Chile, Argentina, Uruguay, Brazil and Peru and the first contacts we could establish are really promising …. follow us to get updated!

Open Steps: 3 months documenting Open Knowledge in India

Guest - December 12, 2013 in Featured Project, Meetups, OKF India

This is a guest blog post from Open Steps, an initiative by two young Berliners Alex (a software developer from Spain) and Margo (a graduate in European politics from France) who decided to leave their daily lives and travel around the world for one year to meet people and organizations working actively in open knowledge related projects, documenting them on their website.

Three months have already gone since we wrote the first report about our journey here on the Open Knowledge Foundation blog, sharing our experiences discovering and documenting Open Knowledge projects. After Europe, we travelled along the indian sub-continent, gathering impressions that we would now like to share with you through this article.

A big country full of active individuals and initiatives

India is a huge and heterogeneous country, strongly marked by the cultural, economical and social differences between its 28 states. This was the main challenge we had to face while exploring the existence of Open Government initiatives, the use of Open Data in different fields and the level of awareness about Open Cultures in general. After these three months, in which we have visited both northern and southern regions, we are impressed by the amount and quality of projects and individuals we have met.

The first proof of the momentum the Open Data movement is currently experiencing, is the presence of the national Open Data platform. Created in 2012, it hosts an increasing number of relevant datasets and is being currently improved with new features as API access, support for regional data and new on-site visualisations. As we could experience during our event in Delhi, where we had the opportunity to discuss with one of the developers behind the platform, the use of this data is being encouraged through App Challenges and regularly organised Hackathons. The existence of such a platform is a consequence of India’s participation within the Open Government initiative. Along this topic, we can also remark that although not yet taking part in the Open Government Partnership, a similar initiative we cover, India has already shown its commitment and has been listed as one of the eligible countries 2013 and could apply for it.

Our first workshop took place in Mumbai, where we were introduced to some members of the Datameet group. This small community of like-minded individuals, open-source supporters and data-activists is the second point we would like to underline here. This public online forum is the place you want to address if you are willing to stay up-to-date in all things open happening in India. Its members collaborate together in different projects, organise monthly events and stay connected across the huge country. And fact is, that we have met Datameet members on every event we have organised!

Data-activism and problem solving made in India

By running this project, we are learning new things everyday. One of the topics we have had the opportunity to explore more in detail is data-activism. Many groups we have met in India are using data as a tool for intelligent, resource-conscious and effective problem-solving at local level. Organisations such as Transparent Chennai and Karnataka Learning Partnership, who both helped us running our event, are remarkable examples of non-profit initiatives addressing social issues in their cities, Chennai and Bangalore respectively. Also, we discovered the Tactical Technologies Collective, a Berlin-based company with office in the Karnataka’s metropole which advises NGOs, journalists and activists on the smart use of data and technologies for advocacy.

In addition, we experienced on first hand that the public administration is beginning to be aware of the benefits of Open Data. We took part in one of the meetings of the Open Government Committee at Karnataka Highway Improvement Project (KSHIP). There, we could give our input on which tools and strategies they could profit from to achieve their goal: realising their data to the public domain, encouraging citizen-participation and improving the decision-making process regarding the state’s road infrastructures.

Open Access, sharing knowledge in academics

Along our journey, we have met various kinds of organisations. But it was in Vadodara, Gujarat, where we had the chance to witness the use of open principles in the context of a university. We visited the Smt. Hansa Metha Library and spoke with its director about the Open Knowledge Gateway, an online hub they initiated where researchers and students can access publications, documentation and further information for free.

We could also discuss about Open Access in our meeting in Delhi, where the Open Access Week took place last October, organised in cooperation with UNESCO and the Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU). This shows that the interest towards making academic information available for everyone is growing in India and universities are already committed to accelerate innovation this way.

North vs South: Is there any difference?

As a matter of fact, southern indian regions are, in general, economically more developed than their northern neighbours. We experienced that in the South, Kerala’s administration promotes the development of Open Source software. Also, IT-metropoles such as Bangalore and Hyderabad, are the perfect setting for initiatives which use technology and data with the aim to improve society, always supporting the idea that knowledge should be available for everyone.

Nevertheless, as the Datameet group reveals, there are activists all over India. At the end, the motivation of these individuals and organisations is what makes the difference, and we could find them both in North and South.

We leave India with the feeling that we could keep researching further interesting projects for months. Actually, due to our tight schedule, we could not cover every project we happened to discover. There was a great interest in Open Steps and we were warm welcomed by all of our collaborators, even we have been contacted by many people we could not meet at the end. Hereby, we would like to thank all these remarkable persons who made our stay in India such an enriching experience.

But the journey continues. Open Steps is touring Asia (Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Hong Kong and Japan) for the next two months. We will announce our schedule soon and would like to make a call for interesting Open Knowledge related projects we should get to know and document there, if you happen to run or know one, please drop us a line! Thanks!

Open Assets in Argentina

Guest - September 30, 2013 in Data Journalism, Featured Project, Open Government Data

The following guest post is by Florencia Coelho, from Argentinian daily La Nacion.

In Argentina, where a Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) has yet to be signed, LA NACION and three transparency NGOs – Poder Ciudadano, ACIJ (Asociación Civil por la Igualdad y la Justicia) and Fundación Directorio Legislativo joined efforts to produce the first site to open information on the assets of public servants, making their asset declarations available online.

The first stage of the web site contains more than 600 asset declarations from public servants from each of the three branches of government: executive, legislative and judicial. Priority was given to data on key positions within each branch as well as data on candidates in the upcoming October 2013 legislative elections.

Each NGO specialized in monitoring transparency and accountability of certain branches, presenting the necessary public information requests and processing the data received.

The information requested was received in print copies; therefore, in addition to entering the data, the teams also scanned the original requests, erasing any sensitive personal information before uploading them to DocumentCloud where they are linked to each asset declaration on the web site.

Teams collaborated with more than 30 volunteers who manually entered the data and cross checked every unit of content in a marathon six-day “check-a-thon”. Throughout the project cycle, the teams worked online using collaborative tools like Google Docs, Google Spreadsheets and Trello.

The database and the web site were designed and developed by LA NACION data and multimedia teams from Lanacion.com. Our Knight Mozilla Opennews fellow collaborated in optimizing the application and search tools. This news application, now in beta, will open data in machine readable formats for everyone to reuse.

The Open Asset Declarations website is being launched in a particular political context. A new law was recently passed which omits asset information on public officials´ spouses and children, thereby reducing the content previously available. Family asset information is vital to depict an accurate picture of the public officials´ wealth and key to any investigation on illicit enrichment.

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A “Check-a-thon” last week, comparing paper originals of statements with spreadsheet versions*

Even after earthquakes, we need Open

Guest - August 29, 2013 in Featured Project, OKF Italy, Open Development, Open Government Data

The following guest post is by Chistian Quintili from Open Ricostruzione. Open Ricostruzione is an Italian civic project focused on people engagement after the earthquake which damaged cities of Emilia-Romagna in 2012

Open Ricostruzione is pleased to have a little corner in the OKF network. Our project, in short, is a website to monitor public funding and private donations raised to reconstruct public buildings damaged by the earthquake which hit Emilia Romagna in May 2012.

Emilia Romagna is a region in Northern Italy, which in 2012 experienced a series of devastating earthquakes, measuring up to 6.0 on the richter scale. Up to 45,000 people were made homeless, and 27 lost their lives. The cost of reconstruction so far is estimated at around €350 million, with projects including schools, hospitals, and the restoration of historical cultural sites. We want to make sure that this process is open, transparent and accountable.

The Emilia-Romagna region and the ANCI (the association of all Italian municipalities) gathered the relevant administrative data; and an association working on IT and civic participation, called Open Polis, developed special software for accessing the data in a user-friendly and easy way. You can find raw data, project by project, on a featured website named Sisma2012.

open ricostrizione

But Open Ricostruzione is more than this. Technology isn’t enough to “rebuild” democracy: our focus is on re-building citizens’ skills. Beyond smart cities, we need smart citizens. For this reason, ActionAid is organizing a series of workshops to train civil society activists to monitor reconstruction, providing juridical and data journalism skills with Dataninja (an Italian data journalism network).

Bondeno 29 giugno 2013

Today each of us can contribute to make reconstruction in Emilia and our institutions more accountable, and this is possible just using a mobile phone, a camera and an internet connection. This means we can, and should be, more responsible for and concerned by the rebuilding of a better society, better institutions and better nation.

We have the tools and we want to make it happen.

We’d love to hear from you, and you can follow us @Open_Ric for updates.

Open Ricostruzione is a project designed by Wikitalia and realized by Anci, Ancitel, ActionAid and Openpolis with the technical support of Emilia Romagna Region and the financial support of Cisco Italy

On the trail of “Open Steps” – visiting open knowledge communities around the world

Christian Villum - August 19, 2013 in Featured Project

Margo & Alex from Open Steps

This is a guest blog post from Open Steps, an initiative by two young Berliners Alex (a software developer from Spain) and Margo (a graduate in European politics from France) who decided to leave their daily lives and travel around the world for one year to meet people and organizations working actively in open knowledge related projects, documenting them on their website.

Starting in July 2013 and for one year, we will travel through South-East Europe, Turkey, India, South-East Asia, Japan and South-America. During our travels we are generating a geo-located index of individuals and groups supporting open knowledge around the world. We have a natural interest in open data as it is the area in which both our backgrounds converge. We will therefore also run a workshop entitled “Visualising Open Data to bring out global issues” on the way and furthermore research the current situation of open data in the countries we are visiting.

After leaving Berlin at the end of June, we have travelled along Europe crossing beautiful countries, meeting hard-working geeks & other activists and hearing about promising projects around the topic of open knowledge. Now it’s time for us to sit down, sum up all the impressions we have gathered so far and share them through this article.

Visiting hackerspaces across Europe

You might have seen on our website that the organisations we met were mostly hackerspaces. Why is that? When it comes to sharing knowledge and supporting open cultures, these kind of organisations are on the top of the list. After sending more than a thousand emails and contact requests, we were happy to start receiving positive answers, and in Europe these were mostly from hackerspaces (Prague, Vienna, Tirana, Pristina, Skopje).

Visiting them was like doing a pilgrimage, travelling from one to the other. Each one is great and unique in terms of location, profile of members and running projects. But it was most interesting for us to discover that the interest and engagement of members of hackerspaces, especially in less developed countries, was extraordinary! We would like to highlight the efforts being done by the guys from Open Labs in Albania and FLOSSK in Kosovo, both of whom are pioneers in sharing knowledge through workshops and supporting open source software in these two countries. There, the public administration does not recognise the importance of these values and the word ‘open‘ is not so well known yet. Thanks to activists such as these, this is already changing.

In addition to hackerspaces, we also had the chance to visit inspiring places like the Solar Festival in Hranize, a small rural village in Czech Republic where a passionate group of people are sharing the benefits and beauty of clean energy. And the creative shop Zelazo in the Moda neighborhood of Istanbul, where people learn to design stuff by themselves.

For the love of Open Data

We love open data and we strongly believe it is a mechanism to improve our society in terms of transparency, democracy and citizen participation. That is what the second part of our project is about. With the support of the organizations we have visited, we have been able to run our workshop five times in total so far. Through it, we are not only spreading the word about the topic but also creating an opportunity to discuss about the situation of open data in the context of each country.

Varying government engagement across Europe

In our opinion, Europe shows a very heterogeneous implementation level regarding the steps towards being open: engagement of public administration, availability of open data platforms, legal framework and civil society awareness. We have experienced countries like Germany or Austria where both governmental and independent organisations (also at regional and local level) are already working on gathering and releasing data into the public domain, organising events and meeting challenges so developers create useful civic tools.

On the other hand, there are other countries like Albania where the first steps have not been taken by the government but by independent groups. Or like Turkey, which has been participating in the Open Government Partnership initiative since 2011 but has still not carried out any of the points specified in its action plan. As Mr Elshani, Head of e-Governance in Kosovo, pointed out during the debate at our event in Pristina, countries must first face issues like the need of infrastructure or gathering and categorising the data, before starting to release it. Of course, in our opinion the social-economic situation and the will of the administration to support transparency plays a big role when it comes to taking part in open data and open government initiatives.

The active participation of the attendees during our workshops has proven that open data is a very current and promising topic with big perspectives. However, there is a certain scepticism and a feeling that there is still a lot of work to do. The two questions we were mostly asked were focused on the integrity and authenticity of the data and on the use of standards for its publication.

Moving on from Europe…

After these first months in Europe, Open Steps will arrive in India in mid-September. We are hoping to meet more of the kinds of creative and passionate people that we have met up until now, so we are already establishing contacts with individuals and collectives working in open knowledge in the areas of education, government and social problem solving. Stay tuned for new updates, feel free to point us towards interesting projects and share your thoughts with us! You can follow our project under the addresses below:

Website: open-steps.org

Facebook: facebook.com/openstepsorg

Twitter: twitter.com/OpenSteps

-Margo & Alex

Publish from ScraperWiki to CKAN

Guest - July 5, 2013 in CKAN, Featured Project

The following post is by Aidan McGuire, co-founder of ScraperWiki. It is cross-posted on the ScraperWiki blog.

ScraperWiki are looking for open data activists to try out our new “Open your data” tool.

Since its first launch ScraperWiki has worked closely with the Open Data community. Today we’re building on this commitment by pre-announcing the release of the first in a series of tools that will enable open data activists to publish data directly to open data catalogues.

To make this even easier, ScraperWiki will also be providing free datahub accounts for open data projects.

This first tool will allow users of CKAN catalogues (there are 50, from Africa to Washington) to publish a dataset that has been ingested and cleaned on the new ScraperWiki platform. It’ll be released on the 11th July.

screenshot showing new tool (alpha)

If you run an open data project which scrapes, curates and republishes open data, we’d love your help testing it. To register, please email hello@scraperwiki.com with “open data” in the subject, telling us about your project.

Why are we doing this? Since its launch ScraperWiki has provided a place where an open data activist could get, clean, analyse and publish data. With the retirement of “ScraperWiki Classic” we decided to focus on the getting, cleaning and analysing, and leave the publishing to the specialists – places like CKAN.

This new “Open your data” tool is just the start. Over the next few months we also hope that open data activists will help us work on the release of tools that:

  • Generate RDF (linked data)
  • Update data real time
  • Publish to other data catalogues

Here’s to liberating the world’s messy open data!


Aidan McGuire is the co-founder of ScraperWiki, the site which enables you to “Get, clean, analyse, visualise and manage your data,
with simple tools or custom-written code.” Among other things, they write and catalogue screen-scrapers to extract and analyse public data from websites.

Principles for Open Contracting

Guest - June 24, 2013 in Featured Project, Open Standards, Uncategorized

The following guest post is by the Open Contracting Partnership, announcing the release of their Principles for Open Contracting. It is cross-posted from their website.

Contracts

Over the past year, the Open Contracting Partnership has facilitated a global consultation process to create a set of global principles that can serve as a guide for all of those seeking to advance open contracting around the world.

The principles reflect norms and best practices from around the world related to disclosure and participation in public contracting.

They have been created with the inputs and feedback of nearly 200 members the open contracting community from government, private sector, civil society, donor organizations, and international financial institutions. These collaborators contributed inputs from various sector-specific perspectives (such as service delivery, infrastructure, extractive industries, and land).

The Open Contracting Partnership welcomes all your questions, comments or feedback. Please contact us at partnership@open-contracting.com

OPEN CONTRACTING GLOBAL PRINCIPLES

Preamble: These Principles reflect the belief that increased disclosure and participation in public contracting will have the effects of making contracting more competitive and fair, improving contract performance, and securing development outcomes. While recognizing that legitimate needs for confidentiality may justify exemptions in exceptional circumstances, these Principles are intended to guide governments and other stakeholders to affirmatively disclose documents and information related to public contracting in a manner that enables meaningful understanding, effective monitoring, efficient performance, and accountability for outcomes. These Principles are to be adapted to sector-specific and local contexts and are complementary to sector-based transparency initiatives and global open government movements.

Affirmative Disclosure

  1. Governments shall recognize the right of the public to access information related to the formation, award, execution, performance, and completion of public contracts.
  2. Public contracting shall be conducted in a transparent and equitable manner, in accordance with publicly disclosed rules that explain the functioning of the process, including policies regarding disclosure.
  3. Governments shall require the timely, current, and routine publication of enough information about the formation, award, execution, performance, and completion of public contracts to enable the public, including media and civil society, to understand and monitor as a safeguard against inefficient, ineffective, or corrupt use of public resources. This would require affirmative disclosure of:
    1. Contracts, including licenses, concessions, permits, grants or any other document exchanging public goods, assets, or resources (including all annexes, schedules and documents incorporated by reference) and any amendments thereto;
    2. Related pre-studies, bid documents, performance evaluations, guarantees, and auditing reports.
    3. Information concerning contract formation, including:
      1. The planning process of the procurement;
      2. The method of procurement or award and the justification thereof;
      3. The scope and specifications for each contract;
      4. The criteria for evaluation and selection;
      5. The bidders or participants in the process, their validation documents, and any procedural exemptions for which they qualify;
      6. Any conflicts of interest uncovered or debarments issued;
      7. The results of the evaluation, including the justification for the award; and
      8. The identity of the contract recipient and any statements of beneficial ownership provided;
    4. Information related to performance and completion of public contracts, including information regarding subcontracting arrangements, such as:
      1. General schedules, including major milestones in execution, and any changes thereto;
      2. Status of implementation against milestones;
      3. Dates and amounts of stage payments made or received (against total amount) and the source of those payments;
      4. Service delivery and pricing;
      5. Arrangements for ending contracts;
      6. Final settlements and responsibilities;
      7. Risk assessments, including environmental and social impact assessments;
      8. Assessments of assets and liabilities of government related to the contract;
      9. Provisions in place to ensure appropriate management of ongoing risks and liabilities; and
      10. Appropriate financial information regarding revenues and expenditures, such as time and cost overruns, if any.
  4. Governments shall develop systems to collect, manage, simplify and publish contracting data regarding the formation, award, execution, performance and completion of public contracts in an open and structured format, in accordance with the Open Contracting Data Standards as they are developed, in a user-friendly and searchable manner.
  5. Contracting information made available to the public shall be as complete as possible, with any exceptions or limitations narrowly defined by law, ensuring that citizens have effective access to recourse in instances where access to this information is in dispute.
  6. Contracting parties, including international financial institutions, shall support disclosure in future contracting by precluding confidentiality clauses, drafting confidentiality narrowly to cover only permissible limited exemptions, or including provisions within the contractual terms and conditions to allow for the contract and related information to be published.
  7. Participation, Monitoring, and Oversight

  8. Governments shall recognize the right of the public to participate in the oversight of the formation, award, execution, performance, and completion of public contracts.
  9. Governments shall foster an enabling environment, which may include legislation, that recognizes, promotes, protects, and creates opportunities for public consultation and monitoring of public contracting, from the planning stage to the completion of contractual obligations.
  10. Governments shall work together with the private sector, donors, and civil society to build the capacities of all relevant stakeholders to understand, monitor and improve public contracting and to create sustainable funding mechanisms to support participatory public contracting.
  11. Governments have a duty to ensure oversight authorities, including parliaments, audit institutions, and implementing agencies, to access and utilize disclosed information, acknowledge and act upon citizen feedback, and encourage dialogue and consultations between contracting parties and civil society organizations in order to improve the quality of contracting outcomes.
  12. With regard to individual contracts of significant impact, contracting parties should craft strategies for citizen consultation and engagement in the management of the contract.

Opening the weather, part 2

Nicolas Baldeck - June 20, 2013 in Featured Project

See also “Opening the weather, part 1″

Stormy sea at Castletown

I began paragliding a few years ago. It’s maybe the most weather-dependent sport in the world. We often fly in mountainous areas, very close to the ground. We need to know about local effects like thermal updrafts, clouds growth, mountain-breeze, foehn wind and all sorts of other micro weather effects.

I discovered there was very little information available at this level of detail. The information exists, but is not displayed anywhere because it’s too specific.

I asked our National Weather Service “Météo France”, if they could provide me with the raw data I needed to make my own paragliding forecasts. They told me “Fine, it’s €100,000 a year”. A little bit too expensive for my personal use (or for any mobile app developer)…

Investigations revealed that only a few public agencies globally share this data freely, mostly based in the US, Canada and Norway. I got some data from the US global model (GFS), which is used for pretty much every weather website. But those forecasts are very limited. The global model is really coarse (55km grid), and cannot see topography or land use. It doesn’t even see the Alps – not so very useful for paragliding.

To get the data at the level I need, I have to run my own high-resolution regional weather model, using coarse US data as input (see my meteo-parapente.com website). It’s not easy. It requires High Performance Computing (HPC) technology, with our own computing cluster, servers and archiving infrastructure.

openmeteo

This project started as a personal attempt to get better weather info for my paragliding, but the process has made me realise there are bigger issues at stake.

Everybody knows weather has an impact on most activities. According to METNEXT, 25% of France’s GDP is dependent on weather.
Weather is cheap: when you spend a dollar for better weather knowledge, you save more than 20 avoiding loss and fatalities during severe weather. Margaret Zeigler at #openagdata points out that 90% of crop losses are due to weather.

In the US, weather data is public domain. But in most European countries, it’s not. Data from model outputs, rain radars, ground stations and satellites is sold for 100,000′s of euros.

This policy has a lot of side effects:

  • Free public services are quite bad, because they need to sell “premium” services.
  • No startup or SME can afford this price -> No “weather” business in Europe. Growing 1% against 20% in the US.
  • public agencies and researchers have big difficulties getting the data they need.

I was sad to learn that my departement is buying weather from a Belgium company instead of from the French national public agency.

So, OpenMeteoData has several goals :

  • To provide easy access to already available data.
  • To gather people and technical resources for creating open forecasts (both human analysis and numerical models)
  • To help institutions to open their data, and explain benefits to them
  • To act as a catalyst in the debate about opening public data. I’m already in touch with French government and Météo France.
  • To provide a platform to gather projects about open meteorology.

If you’d like to talk about the weather, our Open Sustainability list might be the right place for you!

Opening the weather, part 1

Theodora Middleton - June 18, 2013 in Featured Project

Red sky at night - Unst

Red sky at night, shepherd’s delight
A cow with its tail to the west makes the weather best
Onion skins very thin, mild winter coming in

Humans have always wanted to know what the weather has in store for them, and have come up with a whole load of ways to predict what’s coming; some better than others.

Weather forecasting as we know it began in earnest in the nineteenth century, when the invention of the electric telegraph revolutionised long-distance communications and made it possible for information about incoming weather to travel faster than the weather itself. Since then weather forecasting has become ever-more accurate, with improvements in the technology of reporting and communicating, as well as in the predictive models, making it possible for us to know the future weather in greater detail than ever before.

The data collected by weather stations across the world is translated by algorithms into predictions about the weather which is coming. But while some raw data is freely available to those who wish to use it, other datasets are locked behind towering paywalls, and all output predictions are generally the closed property of big forecasting companies.

Two projects which have emerged recently to challenge this are OpenWeatherMap.org and OpenMeteoData.org. As Olga Ukolova from OpenWeatherMap explained:

“We believe that enthusiasts joined by one idea could achieve more than large companies. We believe that meteorological data must be available, free and easy-to-use.”

An open weather forecasting service has the ability to harness the input of enthusiasts around the world, to produce forecasts of greater precision and detail than can be achieved by monolithic companies. Inspired by the success of community-driven knowledge creation in cases like Wikipedia and OpenStreetMap, the guys at OpenWeatherMap are looking to improve the quality of available information, while at the same time wresting control from the hands of profit-driven corporations:

“The project attracts enthusiasts to the process of data collection and estimation of data preciseness that increases accuracy of weather forecasts. If you have a weather station you can connect it to OpenWeatherMap service. You will get a convenient interface for gathering and monitoring data from your weather station. And you can embed the weather station data into your home page.”

The results are available to developers openly and for free:

“Mobile apps developers can receive any weather data for their applications by using JSON / XML API. Lots of weather applications for Android and iOS use OpenWeatherMap as weather data source. By the way the data can be received from WMS server and can be embedded into any cartographic web-application.

Web-application developers that use cartographic services can easily add weather information to it. OpenWeatherMap provides libraries for OpenStreetMaps and Google map. Plug-ins for Drupal and other CMS are available too.”

weather map
Map from OpenWeatherMap.org

Later this week, Nicolas Baldeck from OpenMeteoData will tell us more about how he came to be interested in opening the weather, and what future he sees for the project.

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