The Danish Presidency of the Council of the EU yesterday gave up on trying to
reach an agreement between the European Commission, the Parliament and the Member States
on reform of the rules that govern public access to EU documents.
With the European Parliament standing firmly in favour of greater transparency for citizens,
and the European Commission pressing for amendments to the Regulation that would exclude
entire classes of information or narrow the definition of a document, the process hinged on an
agreement between the 27 Member States meeting in the Council.
But divisions between the Member States were so acute that the Danish Presidency has
abandoned the file after six months of intense negotiations. The public is not allowed access to the
positions of each individual Member State in the Council (a practice being challenged by Access
Info Europe before the European Court of Justice), but government and Council sources involved
in the negotiations report that a majority of Member States – particularly large countries including
France and Germany – either support the Commission’s approach or have been proposing further
With the key players in polarised positions, it was clear that the current version of Regulation
1049/2001 is of a higher standard and that the compromise necessary to reach an agreement
required sacrifices, which neither the European Parliament nor the Danish Presidency are willing to
allow – see the comparison between 1049 and the other proposals here.
The collapse of the negotiations on reform Regulation 1049 means that the existing rules will stay
in place, but it leaves two outstanding issues.
The first is whether some reforms are needed to comply with the Treaty of Lisbon, which obliges
the EU institutions to take decisions “as openly and as closely as possible to the citizen” and which
requires a transparent legislative process. The European Charter of Fundamental Rights also
now recognises the right of access to EU documents “whatever their medium”, as a fundamental
human right. At the very least the Treaties extend the scope of the right of access to all EU
bodies and it is not clear whether this requires a legislative amendment to do away with current
discrepancies such as different time frames for different EU bodies.
The second undecided issue is the Commission’s 2008
reform proposal, which remains open for any Member State to pick up again once they reach the
Council Presidency. Access Info Europe is concerned at this “loose end” which leaves room for less
transparency-friendly countries to push through regressive reforms if the Commission does not
withdraw the file.